• Acetaminophen Versus Ibuprofen for the Control of Immediate and Delayed Pain Following Orthodontic Separator Placement 

    Kawamoto, Shelliann A. (University of Missouri--Kansas City, 2010)
    The purpose of this investigation was to compare pain control effectiveness of preemptive and postoperative acetaminophen, ibuprofen, and placebo following orthodontic separator placement. Subjects were randomly assigned ...
  • An alternative to oral NSAIDs for acute musculoskeletal injuries 

    Rogers, Nina Vergari; Rowland, Kate; Hickner, John (Family Physicians Inquiries Network, 2011-03)
    For patients with acute musculoskeletal injuries, topical NSAIDs are an effective alternative for pain relief. Strength of recommendation: A: Based on a meta-analysis of 47 high-quality randomized clinical trials.
  • The art of recoverying: benchmarking and identity salvaging among injured athletes 

    Porteen, Shana L., 1972- (University of Missouri--Columbia, 2008)
    This study explores sense-making and identity strategies of athletes managing pain and injury both personally and socially. In- depth interviews were conducted with athletes from either organized sporting leagues or corporate ...
  • Do steroid injections help with osteoarthritis of the knee? 

    Palacios, Luis C.; Jones, Wanwisa Y.; Mayo, Helen G. (Family Physicians Inquiries Network, 2004-11)
    Intra-articular steroid injections appear to provide 2 to 6 weeks of pain relief for patients with knee osteoarthritis (strength of recommendation [SOR]: A). Higher-dose steroids with or without joint lavage can provide ...
  • Does the use of EMLA cream decrease the pain of circumcision in newborn boys? 

    Fashner, Julia (Family Physicians Inquiries Network, 2010-03)
    The use of EMLA cream does decrease pain, but it is likely that a dorsal penile nerve block (DPNB) does an even better job. Neither will completely eliminate the discomfort of the procedure. (SOR A, based on a meta-analysis.)
  • Is antiviral therapy for acute, localized herpes zoster safe and effective? 

    Abello-Poblete, Maria Veronica; Remde, Alan (Family Physicians Inquiries Network, 2009-12)
    Oral famciclovir, valacyclovir, and acyclovir are all well tolerated and accelerate resolution of pain associated with subacute herpetic neuralgia (SHN) in patients 50 years of age or older (SOR A, multiple randomized ...
  • Is massage effective for relieving pain from minor back and neck trauma? 

    Reece, Miriam G. S.; Winslow, Bradford; Onysko, Mary (Family Physicians Inquiries Network, 2012-08)
    Massage has no serious adverse effects and may provide short-term benefits for patients with subacute and chronic neck or low-back pain, especially when administered by experienced therapists in combination with education ...
  • Management of acute pancreatitis 

    Over, Darrell R. (Family Physicians Inquiries Network, 2009-09)
    The medical management of acute pancreatitis focuses on supportive care, according to the American College of Gastroenterology clinical practice guidelines. Aggressive intravenous fluid resuscitation to correct initial and ...
  • A pilot study evaluating the effect of collagen sponges on healing and pain following tooth extraction 

    Norouzinia, Bahman (2013-12-09)
    Background: Clinicians often use collagen-derived matrices to aid in the regeneration of periodontal tissue during periodontal therapy; other uses of these materials include clot stabilization, wound protection, and patient ...
  • Psychosocial influences on total pain management by informal hospice caregivers 

    Washington, Karla Thomasson (University of Missouri--Columbia, 2009)
    Individuals receiving home-based hospice services often rely upon family members and friends to serve as informal caregivers responsible for managing emotional, psychological, spiritual, and physical pain. The purpose of ...
  • Shin splints injury 

    Family Physicians Inquiries Network (Family Physicians Inquiries Network, 2008-09)
    An aching pain over the inner aspect of the large bone of the lower legs is commonly known as “shin splints.” The pain is a result of irritation of the outer surface of the large tibia bone. Shin splints are often related ...
  • Spinal stenosis: New study purports to show surgery better than medical management 

    Rowland, Kate (Family Physicians Inquiries Network, 2009-01)
    Lumbar spinal stenosis is a narrowing of the spinal canal, often caused by an overgrowth of vertebral bone due to degenerative disease or by disc herniation. The condition is most common among patients older than 65 years. ...
  • Steerable Epidural Catheter 

    Hafez, Zachary (2011-09)
    Prior epidural catheters have a much greater risk of damage to patients' lumbar area of spine since the catheters are either threaded directly into the cervical and thoracic spaces at the corresponding levels with no ...
  • Team communication and collaboration in hospice pain management 

    Day, Michele Leigh (University of Missouri--Columbia, 2008)
    This dissertation explores communication and collaboration of two hospice teams regarding pain management with a framework of The Model of Interdisciplinary Collaboration (Bronstein, 2003). Professionals (n=15) doctors, ...
  • What is the best treatment for chronic post-CABG pain? 

    Hutchinson, Carrie; Merok, Joshua R. (Family Physicians Inquiries Network, 2009-11)
    Evidence is insufficient to choose a single best agent for chronic post-CABG pain. However, amitriptyline, capsaicin cream, opioids, and NMDA antagonists are effective choices for other postsurgical pain syndromes and may ...
  • What medications are best for diabetic neuropathic pain? 

    Page, Neil; DeLuca, Jesse P.; Crowell, Karen (Family Physicians Inquiries Network, 2012-11)
    Tricyclic antidepressants, duloxetine, pregabalin, oxycodone, and tramadol are all effective for the symptomatic treatment of painful diabetic neuropathy (strength of recommendation [SOR]: A, systematic reviews of randomized ...
  • Which interventions are best for alleviating nipple pain in nursing mothers? 

    Lochner, Jennifer E.; Livingston, Catherine J.; Judkins, Dolores Zegar (Family Physicians Inquiries Network, 2009-11)
    The best intervention is education on proper positioning and attachment of the infant (strength of recommendation [SOR]: A, a systematic review of randomized controlled trials [RCTs]). No single topical preparation has ...
  • Which treatments relieve painful muscle spasms from a black widow spider bite? 

    Prongay, Rob; Kelsberg, Gary; Safranek, Sarah (Family Physicians Inquiries Network, 2012-11)
    Opioids relieve pain and benzodiazepines ease muscle spasms in most patients with latrodectism—widespread, sustained spasms—resulting from envenomation by a black widow spider (strength of recommendation [SOR]: C, case ...