• Against Maximizing Act-Consequentialism 

    Vallentyne, Peter (Wiley-Blackwell, 2006-02)
    Maximizing act consequentialism holds that actions are morally permissible if and only if they maximize the value of consequences—if and only if, that is, no alternative action in the given choice situation has more valuable ...
  • Answers to Five Questions on Normative Ethics 

    Vallentyne, Peter (Automatic Press, 2007)
    This article comprises the author's answers to five questions on Normative Ethics posed by the editors of the collection.
  • Broome on Moral Goodness and Population Ethics 

    Vallentyne, Peter (Wiley-Blackwell, 2009)
    In an earlier book, Weighing Goods , John Broome gave a sophisticated defense of utilitarianism for the cases involving a fixed population. In the present book, Weighing Lives, he extends this defense to variable population ...
  • Brute Luck Equality and Desert 

    Vallentyne, Peter (Oxford University Press, 2003-09)
    In recent years, interest in desert-based theories of justice has increased, and this seems to represent a challenge to equality- based theories of justice. The best distribution of outcome-advantage with respect to desert, ...
  • Capabilities vs. Opportunities for Well-being 

    Vallentyne, Peter (Wiley-Blackwell, 2005-09)
    Amartya Sen and Martha Nussbaum have argued that justice is concerned, at least in part, with the distribution of capabilities (opportunities to function). Richard Arneson, G.A. Cohen, and John Roemer have argued that ...
  • Critical Notice of G.A. Cohen's Self-Ownership, Freedom, and Equality. 

    Vallentyne, Peter (University of Calgary Press, 1998)
    G.A. Cohen's book brings together and elaborates on articles that he has written on self-ownership, on Marx's theory of exploitation, and on the future of socialism. Although seven of the eleven chapters have been previously ...
  • Critical Notice: Child versus Childmaker: Future Persons and Present Duties in Ethics and the Law, Melinda Roberts, 1998, Rowman & Littlefield. 

    Vallentyne, Peter (Wiley-Blackwell, 2000)
    In Child versus Childmaker Melinda Roberts provides an enlightening analysis and a cogent defense of a version of the person-affecting restriction in ethics. The rough idea of this restriction is that an action, state of ...
  • Desert and Entitlement: An Introduction 

    Vallentyne, Peter (Routledge, 2003)
    This is the sixth volume of Equality and Justice, a six-volume collection of the most important articles of the twentieth century on the topic of justice and equality. This volume addresses two issues: (1) desert-based ...
  • Distribution of What?: An Introduction 

    Vallentyne, Peter (Routledge, 2003)
    This is the fourth volume of Equality and Justice, a six-volume collection of the most important articles of the twentieth century on the topic of justice and equality. This volume and the second part of Volume 5: Social ...
  • Distribution to Whom?: An Introduction 

    Vallentyne, Peter (Routledge, 2003)
    This is the third volume of Equality and Justice, a six-volume collection of the most important articles of the twentieth century on the topic of justice and equality. This volume addresses the question of who (animals, ...
  • Distributive Justice 

    Vallentyne, Peter (Wiley-Blackwell, 2007)
    In general, I shall focus on justice as what we morally owe each other. I shall therefore briefly elaborate on this concept of justice. As long as rights are understood very broadly as—perhaps pro tanto and highly ...
  • Equality and the Duties of Procreators 

    Vallentyne, Peter (Oxford University Press, 2002)
    I formulate and defend a theory of special procreative duties in the context of a liberal egalitarian theory of justice. I argue that (1) the only special duty that procreators owe their offspring is that of ensuring that ...
  • Equality, Efficiency, and the Priority of the Worse Off 

    Vallentyne, Peter (Cambridge University Press, 2000)
    Egalitarian theories of justice hold that equality should be promoted. Typically, perfect equality will not be achievable, and it will be necessary to determine which of various unequal distributions is the most equal. All ...
  • Five Questions on Political Philosophy 

    Vallentyne, Peter (Automatic Press, 2006)
    Peter Vallentyne answers five questions posed by the editor of the text on the nature of political philosophy.
  • Hurley on Justice and Responsibility 

    Vallentyne, Peter (Wiley-Blackwell, 2006-09)
    In Justice, Luck, and Knowledge, Susan Hurley defends a reason-responsive account of responsibility, argues that appeals to responsibility cannot provide a justification or non-trivial specification of brute luck egalitarian ...
  • Infinite Utilitarianism: More Is Always Better 

    Vallentyne, Peter; Lauwers, Luc (Cambridge University Press, 2004-10)
    We address the question of how finitely additive moral value theories (such as utilitarianism) should rank worlds when there are an infinite number of locations of value (people, times, etc.). In a recent contribution, ...
  • Infinite Utility and Temporal Neutrality 

    Vallentyne, Peter (Cambridge University Press, 1994-06)
    Suppose that time is infinitely long towards the future, and that each feasible action produces a finite amount of utility at each time. Then, under appropriate conditions, each action produces an infinite amount of ...
  • Introduction to Equality and Justice: The Demands of Equality 

    Vallentyne, Peter (Routledge, 2003)
    This is the second volume of Equality and Justice, a six-volume collection of the most important articles of the twentieth century on the topic of justice and equality. This volume addresses the question of whether justice ...
  • Justice in General: An Introduction 

    Vallentyne, Peter (Routledge, 2003)
    This is the first volume of Equality and Justice, a six-volume collection of the most important articles of the twentieth century on the topic of justice and equality. This volume addresses the following three (only loosely ...
  • Left-Libertarian Theories of Justice 

    Vallentyne, Peter (Fondation Nationale des Sciences Politiques, 1999)
    Libertarian theories of justice hold that agents, at least initially, own themselves fully, and thus owe no service to others, except through voluntary action. The most familiar libertarian theories (e.g., Nozick [1974]) ...