Brute Luck, Option Luck, And Equality Of Initial Opportunities

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Brute Luck, Option Luck, And Equality Of Initial Opportunities

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[-] show simple item record Vallentyne, Peter 2011-02-23T19:06:30Z 2011-02-23T19:06:30Z 2002-04
dc.identifier.citation Ethics 112 (April 2002): 529-557 en_US
dc.identifier.issn 0014-1704
dc.description Article DOI: 10.1086/339275 Article Stable URL: en_US
dc.description.abstract In the old days, material egalitarians tended to favor equality of outcome advantage, on some suitable conception of advantage (happiness, resources, etc.). Under the influence of Dworkin's seminal articles on equality , contemporary material egalitarians have tended to favor equality of brute luck advantage—on the grounds that this permits people to be held appropriately accountable for the benefits and burdens of their choices. I shall argue, however, that a plausible conception of egalitarian justice requires neither that brute luck advantage always be equalized nor that people always bear the full cost of their voluntary choices. Instead, justice requires that initial opportunities for advantage be equalized—roughly along the lines suggested by Arneson and Cohen. Brute luck egalitarianism and initial opportunity egalitarianism are fairly similar in motivation, and as a result they have not been adequately distinguished. Once the two views are more clearly contrasted, equality of opportunity for advantage will, I claim, be seen to be a more plausible conception of equality. en_US
dc.language.iso en_US en_US
dc.publisher University of Chicago en_US
dc.relation.ispartof Philosophy publications en_US
dc.subject egalitarianism en_US
dc.subject brute luck en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Fortune -- Moral and ethical aspects en
dc.subject.lcsh Equality -- Philosophy en
dc.subject.lcsh Opportunity -- Philosophy en
dc.subject.lcsh Fairness en
dc.subject.lcsh Justice (Philosophy) en
dc.title Brute Luck, Option Luck, And Equality Of Initial Opportunities en_US
dc.type Article en_US
dc.relation.ispartofcommunity University of Missouri-Columbia. College of Arts and Sciences. Department of Philosophy

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