[-] Show simple item record

dc.contributor.authorVallentyne, Petereng
dc.date.issued2006eng
dc.descriptionhttp://web.missouri.edu/~umcasklinechair/on-line%20papers/libertarianism%20and%20state%20(BG).doceng
dc.description.abstractClassical liberalism emphasizes the importance of individual liberty and contemporary (or welfare) liberalism tends to emphasize some kind of material equality. The best known form of libertarianism—right-libertarianism—is a version of classical liberalism, but there is also form of libertarianism—left- libertarianism-that combines the classical liberal concern for individual liberty with the contemporary liberal concern for a robust concern for material equality. In this paper, I shall assess whether libertarianism in general—and left-libertarianism in particular—can judge a state to be just without the universal consent of those it governs. Although Robert Nozick has argued, in Anarchy, State, and Utopia , that libertarianism is compatible with the justice of a minimal state—even if does not arise from universal consent—few have been persuaded. Libertarianism holds that individuals have very strong rights of non-interference and all non-pacifist versions thereof hold that they also have strong enforcement rights. Given that these rights are typically understood as protecting choices, it is very difficult to see how a non-consensual state could be just. Those who have not consented to the state's powers retain their enforcement rights, and the state violates their rights when it uses force against them to stop them from correctly and reliably enforcing their rights. I will outline a different way of establishing that a non-consensual libertarian state can be just. I will show that a state can—with a few important qualifications—justly enforce the rights of citizens and extract payments from wrongdoers to cover the costs of such enforcement. Moreover, certain versions of left-libertarianism—unlike right-libertarianism—can justly redistribute resources to the poor and invest in infrastructure to overcome market failures.eng
dc.identifier.citationSocial Philosophy and Policy 24 (01eng
dc.identifier.issn0265-0525eng
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10355/10025eng
dc.publisherCambridge University Presseng
dc.relation.ispartofPhilosophy publicationseng
dc.relation.ispartofcommunityUniversity of Missouri-Columbia. College of Arts and Sciences. Department of Philosophyeng
dc.subjectclassical liberalismeng
dc.subjectcontemporary liberalismeng
dc.subjectLibertarianismeng
dc.subject.lcshLibertarianism -- Philosophyeng
dc.subject.lcshJustice (Philosophy)eng
dc.subject.lcshState, The -- Philosophyeng
dc.subject.lcshPolitical science -- Philosophyeng
dc.subject.lcshEconomics -- Philosophyeng
dc.titleLibertarianism and the Stateeng
dc.typeArticleeng


Files in this item

[PDF]

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

  • Philosophy publications (MU)
    The items in this collection are the scholarly output of the faculty, staff, and students of the Department of Philosophy.

[-] Show simple item record