Sen on Sufficiency, Priority, and Equality
I present a critical survey of Sen's work, and related work by others, on certain distribution-sensitive principles of justice. More specifically, I discuss three kinds of such principles: (1) sufficientarian principles, which require promoting the adequacy of individual benefits (non-poverty), (2) prioritarian principles, which require the promotion of individual benefits but with some kind of priority for the worse off, and (3) egalitarian principles, which require the promotion of equality of benefits. The focus is on presenting the issues and results in an intuitively accessible manner that highlights its importance for existing philosophical debates on the topic. Critical comments are only suggestive rather than fully defended.
Amartya Sen. ed. Christopher W. Morris. Cambridge University Press, 2009. 138-169. Print.