Of Mice and Men: Equality and Animals
Can material egalitarianism (requiring, for example, the significant promotion of fortune) include animals in domain of the equality requirement? The problem can be illustrated as follows: If equality of wellbeing is what matters, and normal mice are included in this egalitarian requirement, then normal mice have a much stronger claim to resources than almost any human. This is because their wellbeing is much lower than that of normal humans. Thus, equality of wellbeing requires a massive shift of resources away from most humans to most mice. This view, however, seems crazy. I explore this problem and propose a solution.
Journal of Ethics, 9 (2005): 403-433.