What genetic or ethnic factors increase the risk of melanoma?
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Red or blond hair color, blue eye color, fair skin phototype, the presence of freckling, and a first-degree relative with malignant melanoma are associated with an increased risk of melanoma. (SOR: B, based on heterogenous systematic review and case-control studies.) The incidence of melanoma is lower among Maori, Pacific, and Asian ethnicities compared with European populations in the same location. (SOR: C, extrapolated from a retrospective cohort study in New Zealand.)
Evidence-based practice 14, no. 06 (2011): 01-02