Effects of dietary melamine and cyanuric acid in young broilers and turkey poults

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Effects of dietary melamine and cyanuric acid in young broilers and turkey poults

Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10355/11157

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dc.contributor.advisor Ledoux, David R. (David Randolph), 1952- en_US
dc.contributor.author Brand, Lindsay Marie en_US
dc.date.accessioned 2011-07-20T13:56:20Z
dc.date.available 2011-07-20T13:56:20Z
dc.date.issued 2011 en_US
dc.date.submitted 2011 Spring en_US
dc.identifier.other BrandL-050611-T5710 en_US
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10355/11157
dc.description Title from PDF of title page (University of Missouri--Columbia, viewed on May 26, 2011). en_US
dc.description The entire thesis text is included in the research.pdf file; the official abstract appears in the short.pdf file; a non-technical public abstract appears in the public.pdf file. en_US
dc.description Thesis advisor: Dr. David R. Ledoux. en_US
dc.description Includes bibliographical references. en_US
dc.description M.S. University of Missouri--Columbia 2011. en_US
dc.description Dissertations, Academic -- University of Missouri--Columbia -- Animal sciences. en_US
dc.description.abstract Six studies were conducted to determine the individual and combined toxicity of melamine and cyanuric acid (up to 3.0%) in young broilers and turkey poults. Melamine alone caused reduced growth, increased kidney weights, and renal lesions in broilers and poults fed 1.0% or higher melamine. Renal histopathology revealed nonpolarizable melamine crystals in the collecting tubules and ducts, which contributed to renal failure. Residual melamine concentrations were highest in kidney, followed by liver, bile, and breast muscle. No toxicity was observed in broilers or turkeys fed up to 3.0% cyanuric acid alone. Growth was reduced in broilers fed combinations of melamine and cyanuric acid up to 3.0%, however no mortality was observed. In turkeys, the addition of cyanuric acid to diets containing melamine ameliorated the toxic effects observed when poults were fed melamine alone. Broilers and turkeys fed combinations of melamine and cyanuric acid had renal crystals viewable under normal and polarized light. en_US
dc.format.extent xiii, 129 pages en_US
dc.language.iso en_US en_US
dc.publisher University of Missouri--Columbia en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Broilers (Chickens) -- Effect of chemicals on en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Turkeys -- Effect of chemicals on en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Melamine en_US
dc.title Effects of dietary melamine and cyanuric acid in young broilers and turkey poults en_US
dc.type Thesis en_US
thesis.degree.discipline Animal sciences en_US
thesis.degree.grantor University of Missouri--Columbia en_US
thesis.degree.name M.S. en_US
thesis.degree.level Masters en_US
dc.relation.ispartofcommunity University of Missouri-Columbia. Graduate School. Theses and Dissertations. Theses. 2011Theses
dc.relation.ispartofcollection 2011 Freely available theses (MU)


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