Pressure-impulse diagrams using finite element analysis for reinforced concrete columns subjected to blast loading
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Reinforced concrete is one of the prime building materials widely used to construct protective structures. One of the purposes of this project is to study the non-linear response of reinforced concrete structures when subjected to impact and blast loading. The study is conducted at two levels: material level and structural level. At the material level, the strength enhancement of three material models of LS-DYNA subjected to high strain rates is studied. The effects of strain rate and lateral inertial confinement on the strength enhancement are investigated. Recommendations are made to improve the accuracy of the results of future numerical simulations for reinforced concrete structures subjected to loads having high strain rates. At the structural level, Pressure-Impulse diagrams for reinforced concrete columns that have four configurations of transverse reinforcement are developed. Finite element modeling in LS-DYNA is used to analyze the structures and calculate the damage level for each blast event. The developed Pressure-Impulse diagrams are used to study the effect of confinement on the reduction of damage level at impulsive, dynamic, and quasi-static loading conditions.
Table of Contents
Introduction -- Effect of rate of loading on the strength enhancement of concrete materials models -- Development of pressure-impulse diagrams for reinforced concrete columns and effect of confinement on the damage level -- Conclusions and future work