Technical Efficiency and Environmental Impact of Bt Cotton and Non- Bt Cotton in North India

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Technical Efficiency and Environmental Impact of Bt Cotton and Non- Bt Cotton in North India

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dc.contributor.author Mal, Puran
dc.contributor.author A.V., Manjunatha
dc.contributor.author Bauer, Siegfried
dc.contributor.author Ahmed, Mirza Nomman
dc.coverage.spatial India en
dc.date.accessioned 2012-01-17T18:44:34Z
dc.date.available 2012-01-17T18:44:34Z
dc.date.issued 2011
dc.identifier.citation AgBioForum, 14(3) 2011: 164-170. en_US
dc.identifier.issn 1522-936X
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10355/12469
dc.description.abstract Bt cotton technology has emerged as an advantageous alternative to traditional cotton varieties by inhibiting bollworm attack, thereby improving farm production and income. This study focuses on analyzing the technical efficiency and environmental impact (via insecticide use) of Bt cotton farms compared to non-Bt cotton farms using the stochastic frontier approach and the Environmental Impact Quotient (EIQ), considering primary data from agriculturally progressive states of India. The results indicate that average technical efficiency is higher in Bt cotton farming. Roughly 80% of Bt cotton farms fall in the efficiency category of 80-95%; this percentage falls to 60% in non-Bt farms. In addition, Bt cotton demonstrates a lower EIQ value than non-Bt cotton, indicating less damage to the environment. The results can provide positive insights to the Indian Government for pushing this efficient technology towards expansion. en_US
dc.language.iso en_US en_US
dc.publisher AgBioForum en_US
dc.subject cash crop en_US
dc.subject agro-chemicals en_US
dc.subject genetically modified crops en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Stochastic approximation
dc.subject.lcsh Cotton trade
dc.subject.lcsh Environmental impact analysis
dc.title Technical Efficiency and Environmental Impact of Bt Cotton and Non- Bt Cotton in North India en_US
dc.type Article en_US
dc.contributor.sponsor Financial support provided by Katholischer Akademischer Ausländer-Dienst(KAAD).
dc.relation.ispartofcommunity University of Missouri-Columbia. College of Food, Agriculture and Natural Resources. Division of Applied Social Sciences. Department of Agricultural Economics. Economics and Management of Agrobiotechnology Center. AgBioForum.
dc.relation.ispartofcollection AgBioForum, vol. 14, no. 3 (2011)


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