Does having a confirmed negative gonorrhea/ chlamydia test at the time of intrauterine device (IUD) insertion decrease the risk of developing pelvic inflammatory disease (PID)?
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Women with chlamydia or gonorrhea infection at the time of IUD insertion are at increased risk of PID relative to women without infection. (SOR: A, based on a systematic review.) However, women found to have chlamydia at the time of IUD insertion are unlikely to develop PID if treated promptly. (SOR: B, based on 2 prospective cohort studies.)
Evidence Based Practice 15(2): 06.