The role of health risk perception variables on smoking-related outcomes in a motivational interviewing-based intervention for college students

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The role of health risk perception variables on smoking-related outcomes in a motivational interviewing-based intervention for college students

Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10355/13874

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dc.contributor.advisor Catley, Delwyn en
dc.contributor.author Jacobson, John David
dc.date.accessioned 2012-04-16T19:34:18Z
dc.date.available 2013-04-16T11:15:06Z
dc.date.issued 2012-04-16
dc.date.submitted 2012 Spring en
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10355/13874
dc.description Title from PDF of title page, viewed on April 16, 2012 en
dc.description Vita en
dc.description Thesis advisor: Delwyn Catley en
dc.description Includes bibliographical references (p. 28-22) en
dc.description Thesis (M.A.)--Dept. of Psychology. University of Missouri--Kansas City, 2012 en
dc.description.abstract The role of health risk perception in smoking behavior was prospectively evaluated in a cluster-randomized trial for smoking cessation in college students. Optimistic bias, future precaution effectiveness, perceived vulnerability, and smoking behavior measures (quit attempts and cessation) were assessed in 302 college-aged student smokers at baseline, end of treatment (3 months), and follow-up (6 months). Logistic regression analyses that controlled for level of smoking were used to examine risk perception variables as predictor of smoking outcomes. Results revealed that higher baseline future precaution effectiveness predicted a greater likelihood of quit attempts at end of treatment [OR = 1.11 (1.001, 1.24)] and a greater likelihood of cessation [OR = 1.14 (1.01, 1.29)] at follow-up. Unexpectedly, higher baseline levels of perceived vulnerability predicted a reduced likelihood of cessation at end of treatment [OR = .67 (.55, .83)] and follow-up [OR = .78 (.63, .97)]. As expected, however increases in perceived vulnerability from baseline to end of treatment predicted a greater likelihood of quit attempts at end of treatment [OR = 1.57 (1.24, 1.98)] and follow-up (OR = 1.62 (1.25, 2.08)] and cessation at end of treatment [OR = 1.27 (1.01, 1.62)]. Taken as a whole, results suggest that perceived vulnerability was the best predictor of smoking behavior change and supports further examination of the role of risk perceptions in promoting smoking cessation among college smokers. en_US
dc.description.tableofcontents Introduction -- Method -- Results -- Discussion -- Appendix en
dc.format.extent viii, 29 pages en
dc.language.iso en_US en_US
dc.publisher University of Missouri--Kansas City en
dc.subject.lcsh Cigarette smokers -- Health risk assessment en
dc.subject.lcsh Risk perception en
dc.subject.lcsh College students -- Tobacco use en
dc.subject.other Thesis -- University of Missouri--Kansas City -- Psychology en
dc.title The role of health risk perception variables on smoking-related outcomes in a motivational interviewing-based intervention for college students en_US
dc.type Thesis en_US
thesis.degree.discipline Psychology en
thesis.degree.grantor University of Missouri--Kansas City en
thesis.degree.name M.A. en
thesis.degree.level Masters en


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