On the outside looking in: examining the fairness of mentoring from protege and non-protege perspectives
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[ACCESS RESTRICTED TO THE UNIVERSITY OF MISSOURI AT AUTHOR'S REQUEST.] The purpose of this dissertation was to examine mentoring fairness and to include the perspectives of both protégés and non-protégés. This dissertation proposed an overview of the perceptions of mentoring fairness and distinguished between the key concepts of access and treatment. I developed and validated a scale for measuring perceptions of mentoring fairness. A sample of 302 professionals was surveyed at two points in time. The results indicate that protégé status, socioeconomic origins, the presence of a formal mentoring program, the use of high quality career management and assessment systems, and the personality traits of locus of control and extraversion predicted perceptions of mentoring fairness in terms of access. Further, the relationship between extraversion and access fairness was partially mediated by protégé status. Racial minorities perceived lower levels of the fairness of mentoring in terms of treatment-favoritism while individuals higher in emotional stability perceived higher levels. Perceptions of mentoring fairness in terms of treatment-abuse were positively related to socioeconomic origins and emotional stability. Finally, perceptions of mentoring fairness in terms of both access and treatment were predictors of both mentoring relationship quality and the willingness to mentor others.
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