An examination of the impact of parental drug use, family transition, and environmental conditions on adolescents' self-reported drug use, delinquency, and deviant behaviors
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Research has shown that youths reared in homes with parental drug use have a high risk of exhibiting maladaptive social behaviors encompassing delinquency, deviance, and criminality (Keller, Catalano, Haggerty, & Fleming, 2002; Denton & Kampe, 1994; Gross &McCaul, 1991; Hoffman & Johnson, 1998). Additionally, family transitions such as changes in the configuration of one's family structure (i.e. single parent households due to divorce or separation) have shown to have a negative impact on the behavioral development of adolescents (Hoffman & Johnson, 1998). Nonetheless, while micro-level predictors are vital in illuminating the linkage of the home environment on outcomes of serious delinquency, drug use, and deviance, the impact of the broader social environment also warrants concern as structural conditions of one's neighborhood has significances for the manifestation of anti-social behaviors. The current study will explore the impact of parental drug use, family structure (i.e. habitation with a biological or stepparent), and environmental conditions on youths' self-reported drug use, serious delinquency, and deviance (i.e. risky sexual behaviors and poor educational performance). The results of the study demonstrated that drug use, deviance, and serious delinquency are impacted by both environmental and home conditions. However, the type of predictor variable mattered for the type of outcome behavior reported. For example, micro variables are stronger predictors of drug use and risky sexual behaviors while macro variables are stronger predictors of delinquency and poor educational performance.
Table of Contents
Introduction -- Review of the literature -- Data and methodology -- Results -- Discussion