The effect of country of design, parts, and manufacturing labels on apparel quality, price, and purchase intention
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[ACCESS RESTRICTED TO THE UNIVERSITY OF MISSOURI AT REQUEST OF AUTHOR.] This study examined the effect of country of origin labels on consumers' perceptions of apparel quality, price and purchase intention. This study particularly focused on country of design, parts, and manufacturing labels as potential cues that consumers use when evaluating the quality, price and purchase intention of apparel products. In this study, two countries were used: the United States and China. A literature review was provided to show the link and evolution of country of origin literature and the increase of multinational products in today's marketplace. The Information Processing theory provided the theoretical framework for understanding why consumers use extrinsic cues such as country of origin information when forming their opinions and purchasing products. The results of this study concluded that consumers rated US components that were designed and manufactured also in the U.S. the highest in quality, while Chinese components that were manufactured and designed in China were rated the lowest in quality. Results also indicated that consumers have some confusion when attempting to place a difference between the products made in the U.S with Chinese materials and the products made in China with U.S. materials. This study showed that the extent of country of origin information on product labels does play a large role when consumers' are making inferences about the quality, price and purchase intention of an apparel item.
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