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dc.contributor.authorHeinrich, Katie Meng
dc.contributor.authorLee, Rebecca Eeng
dc.contributor.authorSuminski, Richard Reng
dc.contributor.authorRegan, Gail Reng
dc.contributor.authorReese-Smith, Jacqueline Yeng
dc.contributor.authorHoward, Hugh Heng
dc.contributor.authorHaddock, C Keitheng
dc.contributor.authorPoston, Walker SCeng
dc.contributor.authorAhluwalia, Jasjit Seng
dc.date.issued2007-11-12eng
dc.description.abstractAbstract Background Environmental factors may influence the particularly low rates of physical activity in African American and low-income adults. This cross-sectional study investigated how measured environmental factors were related to self-reported walking and vigorous physical activity for residents of low-income public housing developments. Methods Physical activity data from 452 adult residents residing in 12 low-income housing developments were combined with measured environmental data that examined the neighborhood (800 m radius buffer) around each housing development. Aggregated ecological and multilevel regression models were used for analysis. Results Participants were predominately female (72.8%), African American (79.6%) and had a high school education or more (59.0%). Overall, physical activity rates were low, with only 21% of participants meeting moderate physical activity guidelines. Ecological models showed that fewer incivilities and greater street connectivity predicted 83% of the variance in days walked per week, p < 0.001, with both gender and connectivity predicting days walked per week in the multi-level analysis, p < 0.05. Greater connectivity and fewer physical activity resources predicted 90% of the variance in meeting moderate physical activity guidelines, p < 0.001, and gender and connectivity were the multi-level predictors, p < 0.05 and 0.01, respectively. Greater resource accessibility predicted 34% of the variance in days per week of vigorous physical activity in the ecological model, p < 0.05, but the multi-level analysis found no significant predictors. Conclusion These results indicate that the physical activity of low-income residents of public housing is related to modifiable aspects of the built environment. Individuals with greater access to more physical activity resources with fewincivilities, as well as, greater street connectivity, are more likely to be physically active.eng
dc.description.versionPeer Reviewedeng
dc.identifier.citationInternational Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity. 2007 Nov 12;4(1):56eng
dc.identifier.urihttp://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1479-5868-4-56eng
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10355/15038eng
dc.rights.holderKatie M Heinrich et al.; licensee BioMed Central Ltd.eng
dc.titleAssociations between the built environment and physical activity in public housing residentseng
dc.typeJournal Articleeng


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