Operational analysis of cross-country trips on rail in Vietnam
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The analysis of current transit conditions is vital for planning and forecasting future transit demand. Previous analyses of Vietnam railways have been limited in both data and methodology, and have not investigated conditions inside a twenty-four hour period. This thesis focuses on the Hanoi to Ho Chi Minh rail line. This rail line is the most important cross-country segment, since it connects the two largest cities in Vietnam. The four major significant and original contributions of this thesis are: 1) a generalized cost comparison of the three largest transportation modes serving Hanoi to Ho Chi Minh in order to understand the role of rail, 2) a reliability analysis of 21 trains serving the segment, 3) an investigation of the peak hour and peak day at Hanoi station, and 4) a study of train capacity and service efficiency. The first conclusion is that rail is inferior to air and bus having a generalized cost of $356 as compared to $220 and $319. The second is that the variance approach for reliability analysis is the most suitable for Vietnam and such approach identified TH2, SE10 and NA2 trains as the least reliable. Another conclusion is that Maerivoet and De Moor (2005)'s definition of PHF was the best for studying the Hanoi station, but the station currently does not experience significant congestion. The last conclusion is that most sections in the Hanoi - Ho Chi Minh route are operating below capacity except for the two terminal sections of the route.
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