Improved delivery of molecularly targeted agents upon modulation of multidrug resistance efflux proteins at mouse blood brain barrier

MOspace/Manakin Repository

Breadcrumbs Navigation

Improved delivery of molecularly targeted agents upon modulation of multidrug resistance efflux proteins at mouse blood brain barrier

Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10355/15990

[+] show full item record


Title: Improved delivery of molecularly targeted agents upon modulation of multidrug resistance efflux proteins at mouse blood brain barrier
Author: Minocha, Mukul
Date: 2012-11-06
Publisher: University of Missouri--Kansas City
Abstract: Recurrent brain tumors are one of the most lethal forms of solid tumors with poor prognosis. Molecularly targeted therapy, inhibiting the tyrosine kinase domain of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR), platelet derived growth factor receptor (PDGFR) and vascular endothelial growth factor receptors (VEGFR) is at the forefront of current clinical practice for management of highly vascularized brain tumors. However, current molecularly targeted agents used in clinical trials so far have shown limited clinical benefit to block tumor progression. It has now been well established that P-glycoprotein (P-gp) and breast cancer resistance protein (BCRP) are the two major efflux proteins that restrict the entry of xenobiotics across BBB. Overexpression of these efflux pumps in brain tumors at the BBB further compromises brain penetration of anti-tumor agents. The broad objective of this dissertation project is to study the role of efflux on brain penetration of selected small molecule tyrosine kinase inhibitors; pazopanib and vandetanib. In vitro and in vivo results showed that the entry across the BBB for these drugs is limited via active efflux. This could be a plausible mechanism for inefficacy seen for these drugs in clinical trials when used as monotherapy. As a secondary aim of this investigation we wanted to develop a viable strategy to overcome efflux at the BBB by coadministering clinically relevant efflux modulators which could also impart a synergistic pharmacological effect in the treatment regimen. Erlotinib, canertinib, everolimus and temsirolimus were screened as potential modulators of P-gp and Bcrp1 activity. The fact that these drugs inhibit a different class of receptor population than pazopanib and vandetanib, offer a dual advantage for synergistic pharmacological effect in addition to the primary role of efflux modulation. Our results demonstrate that co-administration of selected clinically relevant efflux modulators can significantly enhance brain partitioning of pazopanib and vandetanib in mice and hence warrant further pre-clinical and clinical investigation.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10355/15990

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

[+] show full item record