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dc.contributor.authorSmale, Melindaeng
dc.contributor.authorZambrano, Patriciaeng
dc.contributor.authorPaz-Ybarnegaray, Rodrigoeng
dc.contributor.authorFernandez-Montaño, Willyeng
dc.coverage.spatialBoliviaeng
dc.date.issued2012eng
dc.description.abstractThe Bolivian National Constitution of 2009 prohibits the commercialization of genetically modified organisms, but the decree permitting the unique event of glyphosate resistance was enacted earlier. Herbicide-tolerant (HT) soybean is the only transgenic crop grown by farmers in Bolivia, introduced initially by farmers. This pilot study of smallholders was conducted in the midst of political sensitivities and exceptional weather. Results support the hypotheses that adoption of HT soybeans is associated with use of less toxic herbicides and that Mennonite farmers are a primary source of HT seed and related information. The association that subsidized non-HT growers is the major source for conventional seed. Using a control function approach to address endogeneity and selection bias with censored outcome variables, we find that HT soybean adoption has a large, positive impact on household off-farm income and is positively related to off-farm work of the second major contributor to soybean production (wife or children of household head), but not that of the first (household head).eng
dc.identifier.citationAgBioForum, 15(2), 191-205.eng
dc.identifier.issn1522-936Xeng
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10355/16003
dc.languageEnglisheng
dc.publisherAgBioForumeng
dc.relation.ispartofcollectionAgBioForum, vol. 15, no. 2 (2012)eng
dc.relation.ispartofcommunityUniversity of Missouri-Columbia. College of Food, Agriculture and Natural Resources. Division of Applied Social Sciences. Department of Agricultural Economics. Economics and Management of Agrobiotechnology Center. AgBioForum.eng
dc.rightsOpenAccess.eng
dc.rights.licenseThis work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 License.
dc.subjectoff-farm incomeeng
dc.subjectsocial networkseng
dc.subjectherbicide toxicityeng
dc.subjectherbicide toleranceeng
dc.subject.lcshSoybean -- Biotechnologyeng
dc.subject.lcshTransgenic plantseng
dc.subject.lcshHerbicide resistanceeng
dc.subject.lcshFarm incomeeng
dc.titleA case of resistance : herbicide-tolerant soybeans in Boliviaeng
dc.typeArticleeng


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