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dc.contributor.authorMarra, Michele C.eng
dc.contributor.authorPiggott, Nicholas E.eng
dc.contributor.authorGoodwin, Barry K.eng
dc.date.issued2012eng
dc.description.abstractRecently, one type of corn rootworm has developed resistance to a single strain of Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt) that is genetically engineered into corn seed. This resistance development has occurred in small, localized areas of the Corn Belt, where corn has been grown continuously for a period of time. Some have suggested that the remedy for this problem is to revert back to a significantly higher-percentage, structured refuge to avoid further resistance development. This article explores the economic consequences of such a plan. Those consequences include lower average corn yields, leading to higher corn prices for all consumers of corn (including livestock producers) and corn sweetener, ethanol producers, and consumers of corn globally; less net income for corn producers; higher yield variability, leading to higher price volatility; negative environmental impacts; and higher human-safety risks. A more balanced approach to the problem is recommended; this includes best management, integrated pest-management practices, a phasing out of single corn rootworm-traited corn, and increased use of multiple corn rootworm-traited corn.eng
dc.identifier.citationAgBioForum, 15(2), 217-230.eng
dc.identifier.issn1522-936Xeng
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10355/16007eng
dc.languageEnglisheng
dc.publisherAgBioForumeng
dc.relation.ispartofcollectionAgBioForum, vol. 15, no. 2 (2012)eng
dc.relation.ispartofcommunityUniversity of Missouri-Columbia. College of Food, Agriculture and Natural Resources. Division of Applied Social Sciences. Department of Agricultural Economics. Economics and Management of Agrobiotechnology Center. AgBioForum.eng
dc.subjectbiotechnology economicseng
dc.subjectcorn rootwormeng
dc.subjectrefugiaeng
dc.subjectpest-management practiceseng
dc.subject.lcshNorthern corn rootwormeng
dc.subject.lcshWestern corn rootwormeng
dc.subject.lcshPlant biotechnologyeng
dc.subject.lcshCorn -- Diseases and pests -- Controleng
dc.subject.lcshCorn -- Biotechnologyeng
dc.titleThe impact of corn rootworm protected biotechnology traits in the United Stateseng
dc.typeArticleeng


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