Economic Vulnerabilities and opportunities of Hispanics in non-metro Missouri
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Non-metro Missouri has observed a net in-migration in the last decennial period and a great part of these immigrants are Latinos. This research addresses the factors explaining vulnerabilities and economic opportunities of Latinos in non-metro Missouri, using the 2000 Census as well as county level data on racial profiling, and the Department of Elementary and Secondary Education database. The livelihoods framework, through the capability accumulation and wellbeing theory, is used in order to look into Latinos economic vulnerability by the practices of local and state enforcement (racial profiling), newcomers human capital, years of work experience, age, and gender, country of origin and mobility. The regression results show that work experience has the greatest impact on Latino's earning ability as compared to any other factor mentioned, which could be translated to their ability to acquire tangible assets. The interaction effect of education and English proficiency shows a very important factor for both foreign and US born Latinos. On the other hand mobility and racial profiling may have a negative effect on income earning ability suggesting a need for exploring these variables further.