• Does treating children with acute diarrhea and vomiting with intravenous fluids improve the time and extent of recovery? 

    Mehta, Roger; Dawson-Caswell, Marin; Le Bato, Alan L. (Family Physicians Inquiries Network, 2010-05)
    Intravenous (IV) fluid administration is not superior to oral rehydration therapy (ORT) in improving the time and extent of recovery in children with acute diarrhea and vomiting. (SOR A, based on a meta-analysis.)
  • How common is symptomatic hyponatremia in endurance athletes? 

    Mark, David A. (Family Physicians Inquiries Network, 2008-06)
    Among trained athletes completing a major endurance event such as a marathon, triathlon, or 100-mile bicycle ride, 2% to 22% will develop a serum sodium concentration <135 mmol/L and approximately 1% will have exercise-associated ...
  • Hydration in athletes 

    Kincaid, Christopher E. (Family Physicians Inquiries Network, 2008-11)
    This issue of eMedRef provides information to clinicians on the pathophysiology, diagnosis, and therapeutics of hydration in athletes.
  • Intravenous Fluids for Children with Gastroenteritis 

    Banks, J. Burton (Jerry Burton), 1963-; Meadows, Susan E. (Family Physicians Inquiries Network, 2005-01)
    Most children with gastroenteritis do not require intravenous fluids and will respond favorably to ORT. Intravenous fluids do not shorten the duration of gastroenteritis and are more likely to cause adverse effects than ...
  • What dietary management is most appropriate for infants and children with gastroenteritis? 

    Netteland, Erin; Walinski, Lisa; Arnold, Bonnie; Crowell, Karen (Family Physicians Inquiries Network, 2009-08)
    Maintaining a child's normal diet or early reintroduction of regular foods (including breast milk or formula) is recommended. If a child is unable to tolerate a normal diet, oral rehydration solutions are recommended. (SOR ...
  • What interventions reduce the risk of contrast nephropathy for high-risk patients? 

    Grossman, Paul D.; Burroughs, Martha (Family Physicians Inquiries Network, 2005-04)
    Several interventions may reduce the risk of contrast nephropathy for high-risk patients; however, most evidence uses surrogate markers for clinically relevant outcomes. Because dehydration is a risk factor for developing ...