How beneficial are thiazolidinediones for diabetes mellitus?
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The thiazolidinediones pioglitazone (Actos) and rosiglitazone (Avandia) are effective at lowering fasting plasma glucose (FPG) and glycosylated hemoglobin (Hb A1c) in patients with type 2 diabetes when used either as monotherapy or in combination with sulfonylureas, metformin, or insulin. The glucose-lowering effects appear comparable with those of sulfonylureas and metformin alone. Currently, there are no randomized trials directly comparing patient-oriented outcomes of the thiazolidinediones with those of sulfonylureas and metformin. Grade of recommendation: B (on the basis of extrapolations from randomized trials and low quality randomized trials).
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