How effective are exercise and physical therapy for chronic low back pain?
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Exercise is more effective for chronic low back pain than treatment with medication plus return to usual activity and as effective as conventional physiotherapy. The evidence is less consistent in showing that any particular exercise format provides greater benefit or that exercise provides a long-term increase in function or a decrease in pain or disability. (Grade of recommendation: A, based on systematic reviews of randomized controlled trials [RCTs].)
Journal of Family Practice, 51(3) 2002: 209.