Should we screen for ovarian cancer?
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Ovarian cancer screening using pelvic examination, CA-125 serum tumor marker, transvaginal ultrasound (TVU), or any combination of tests is not recommended in average-risk women, or in women with only 1 first-degree relative with ovarian cancer (strength of recommendation [SOR]=B). There is insufficient evidence to recommend for or against screening women with 2 or more first-degree relatives with ovarian cancer. A careful discussion of risks and benefits to screening is suggested, with referral to specialists as needed to assist in the decision-making (SOR=C).
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