What is the best treatment for nocturnal enuresis in children?
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For children with primary nocturnal enuresis, treatment with enuresis alarms reduced the number of wet nights by almost 4 per week, with almost half of patients remaining dry for 3 months after treatment (strength of recommendation [SOR]: A, based on a systematic review of homogeneous randomized control trials [RCTs]). Desmopressin (DDAVP) and tricyclic drugs reduce the number of wet nights by 1 to 2 per week during treatment, although the effect is not sustained after treatment is finished (SOR: A, based on a SR of homogeneous RCTs). Dry bed training with an alarm results in an additional reduction of wet nights over alarms alone (SOR: A, based on a systematic review of homogeneous RCTs].
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