What is the most effective treatment for ADHD in children?
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Stimulant medication therapy is the most effective treatment for attention deficit/ hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in children, producing significant improvements in symptoms and modest improvements in academic achievement (strength of recommendation [SOR]: A, based on multiple randomized controlled trials [RCTs]). Nonpharmacologic therapies, such as behavior therapy, school- based interventions, and family therapy, are not as effective as stimulants but may add modest benefit to the effects of medication (SOR: B, based on 1 RCT).
Journal of Family Practice, 54(2) 2005: 166+.