The Middle Level Leadership Center (MLLC) is a service of the Department of Educational Leadership and Policy Analysis (ELPA) and the College of Education at the University of Missouri-Columbia. The mission of the Center is to develop and disseminate current knowledge about best practices in school leadership and support school improvement initiatives at the middle school, junior high school, and intermediate school levels. The center contracts with professional organizations and individual schools throughout Missouri and the nation. The centerpiece of MLLC's school improvement work is Project ASSIST (Achieving Success through School Improvement Site Teams). An array of school improvement instruments, including surveys of school culture, school climate, principal leadership, team leadership, empowerment, instructional practices, and student perceptions of school programs, are available through the Center. Training in the use of the Instructional Practices Inventory, a process for establishing a school-wide profile of instruction, is also available.

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Recent Submissions

  • Middle Level Principal Preparation and Licensure -- Policy Brief 

    Valentine, Jerry; Anfara, Vincent A. (2004-04)
    While much attention has been focused on the need for specialized preparation and licensure of middle-level teachers, relatively little consideration has been given to the preparation and licensure of middle-level principals. ...
  • Performance-Based Teacher Evaluation in Missouri: A Three-Year Report 

    Valentine, Jerry; Harting, Roger D. (Roger Duane) (1988)
    The teacher performance evaluation, mandated in Missouri by a bill that legislators enacted during 1983, is a process for professional development through the identification and documentation of job related expectations ...
  • Transformational Leadership: Principals, Leadership Teams, and School Culture 

    Valentine, Jerry; Lucas, Stephen Earl, 1960- (2002-04)
    The purpose of this study was to develop an understanding of the relationships among principal transformational leadership, school leadership-team transformational leadership, and school culture. Twelve middle schools ...
  • Principal Effectiveness in "National Recognition" Schools -- A Research Project Summary Report 

    Valentine, Jerry; Bowman, Michael Lee, 1953- (1989-07)
    Between 1982 and 1987, 1,500 outstanding schools were recognized by the School Recognition Program, based on an analysis of their leadership, order and discipline, community support, and high standards and expectations for ...
  • Performance/Outcome Based Principal Evaluation: A Summary of Procedural Considerations 

    Valentine, Jerry (1986-10)
    Performance evaluation is designed to assist principals in better accomplishing their leadership role. Performance/Outcome Based Principal Evaluation (PBPE) is defined as "a process for the professional development of ...
  • Performance-Based Principal Evaluation in Missouri: A Three-Year Report 

    Valentine, Jerry; Harting, Roger D. (Roger Duane) (1988)
    The performance-based principal evaluation (PBPE), passed as a section of the 1985 Missouri Educational Reform Act, is a process for professional development of principals through the identification and documentation of ...
  • Audit of Principal Effectiveness: Instrumentation for Principalship Research-A Research Project Report 

    Valentine, Jerry; Bowman, Michael Lee, 1953- (1988-01)
    Using the literature and research on principal effectiveness as a foundation, the Audit of Principal Effectiveness was developed. Initially, 162 items forming 12 theoretical factors describing effective principal behavior ...
  • Audit of Principal Effectiveness: A Process for Self-Improvement 

    Valentine, Jerry (1989-04-17)
    Feedback data provide an avenue to improved perceptions; in the educational setting, improved perceptions translate into personal growth and more positive organizational culture. To provide a valid, reliable, and practical ...
  • Audit of Principal Effectiveness: A User's Technical Manual. Designed and Tested for Principal Assessment in Elementary, Middle and Secondary Schools (Revised) 

    Valentine, Jerry; Bowman, Michael Lee, 1953- (1986)
    This technical manual is presented to assist those using the Audit of Principal Effectiveness, an 80-statement evaluation instrument designed to determine teachers' perceptions of principals' effectiveness, allow principals ...
  • School Improvement Surveys 

    University of Missouri-Columbia. Middle Level Leadership Center (1986)
    This is a collection of four school improvement surveys developed by the Middle Level Leadership Center. The Audit of Principal Effectiveness (APE) provides information about the effectiveness of principals in dealing with ...
  • Instructional Practices Inventory Documents 

    Valentine, Jerry; Painter, Bryan A. (Bryan Ashley), 1970- (2007)
    Hundreds of Instructional Practices Inventory Level I workshops are conducted throughout the United States each year. The workshops are led by an IPI certified trainer and require a minimum of 7 hours to complete. The ...
  • Instructional Practices Inventory: Using a Student Learning Assessment to Foster Organizational Learning 

    Valentine, Jerry (2007-12-04)
    This manuscript describes the IPI data collection categories, the use of those categories to support school-wide instructional change, and data findings from schools of various types that have used the IPI.
  • Instructional Practices Inventory: A Process for Profiling Student Engaged Learning for School Improvement 

    Valentine, Jerry (2005-08)
    This manuscript was written to describe in some detail the IPI data collection categories, the use of those categories to support school-wide instructional change by studying student engaged learning and provide data from ...
  • Project ASSIST: Faculty Reflection Worksheet 

    Valentine, Jerry (2007-02)
    These materials help school improvement teams and faculties develop a perspective about several key concepts for school improvement. The comprehensive school improvement worksheet addresses a broad range of key concepts. ...
  • Project ASSIST: SI Profiling Activities 

    University of Missouri-Columbia. Middle Level Leadership Center (2006)
    This set of materials helps schools develop a current and historical perspective of several key components related to school improvement. The materials focus on culture, professional development, organizational structure, ...
  • Project ASSIST: Team Typology Activity 

    University of Missouri-Columbia. Middle Level Leadership Center (2005)
    This set of materials helps school improvement teams and other teacher teams understand their level of team effectiveness.
  • Project ASSIST: School Culture Readings 

    Valentine, Jerry (2006)
    The first section of this research summary documents the importance of an effective, collaborative school culture. The next section defines the concept of organizational/school culture and the final section provides a ...
  • Project ASSIST: School Culture Typology 

    Valentine, Jerry; Gruenert, Stephen W. (Stephen Wayne), 1957- (2006)
    The Culture Typology Activity was developed for use by teachers and principals as a method to help schools and school leaders (a) identify the general type of culture present in a school, (b) reflect upon the impact of ...
  • Project ASSIST: School Culture Survey 

    Valentine, Jerry; Gruenert, Stephen W. (Stephen Wayne), 1957- (2006)
    The School Culture Survey provides insight about the shared values/beliefs, the patterns of behavior, and the relationships in the school. Each factor measures a unique aspect of the school's collaborative culture.
  • Project ASSIST Visioning Activities 

    University of Missouri-Columbia. Middle Level Leadership Center (2003)
    This goal of this set of materials is to help schools develop a school-wide statement of values and beliefs.

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