Rumination in depression: an opportunity to increase positive affect?
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[ACCESS RESTRICTED TO THE UNIVERSITY OF MISSOURI AT AUTHOR'S REQUEST.] Much of the literature on depressed mood has emphasized the strong relationship between rumination, or excessive and repetitive thinking about negative affect and events, and depression. Research about how positive experiences are processed in depressed individuals is much less advanced. The current study aims to explore positive rumination, defined as rumination in response to positive affect (PA). Specifically, the study examined the relation of positive rumination to negative rumination, positive and negative affect, savoring, depression, and anxiety. Undergraduate students (n=396) were recruited from an introductory psychology course and completed an online survey containing questionnaire measures of all study constructs. Results suggest that positive rumination was related to higher positive affect and savoring and lower depression, and unrelated to negative affect, negative rumination, and anxiety. Positive rumination predicted depression over and above sex, affect, and negative rumination for women. Negative rumination predicted greater positive rumination for women with high levels of depression. Positive rumination seems to be an adaptive behavior and might be a useful addition to treatment for depressive symptoms in women by increasing positive affect.
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