What is the best medical therapy for new-onset type 2 diabetes?
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Sulfonylureas, metformin, thiazolidinediones, and non-sulfonylurea secretagogues differ little in their ability to decrease glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c) levels when used as initial monotherapy for diabetes mellitus type 2 (strength of recommendation [SOR]: A, based on systematic reviews); α-glucosidase inhibitors may also be as effective (SOR: B, based on systematic reviews with inconsistent results). Metformin is generally indicated in obese patients because it improves all-cause mortality and diabetes related outcomes (SOR: B, based on a single high-quality randomized controlled trial [RCT]). Insulin is generally not recommended as an initial agent (SOR: C, expert opinion).
Journal of Family Practice, 55(11) 2006: 1001-1003.