What kind of impact does weight loss have on hypertension?
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Weight loss of 4 kg by diet reduces systolic and diastolic blood pressure (BP) by 4.5 and 3.2 mmHg, respectively (strength of recommendation [SOR]: A, systematic review with consistent findings). Weight loss of 1 to 1.2 kg by exercise may produce small reductions in systolic or diastolic BP (SOR: B, mixed quality of studies). Available evidence is inadequate to examine the combined effects of diet and exercise.
Evidence Based Practice 16(7): 01-02.