How should you further evaluate an adult with a testicular mass?
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Perform a scrotal ultrasonography immediately to determine whether emergency surgery is necessary for patients with an exam or history that suggests testicular torsion or rupture (strength of recommendation [SOR]: B, based on cohort trials of patient oriented outcomes). In less urgent cases, ultrasound is also useful for verifying diagnoses made by physical exam, and to exclude conditions such as neoplasm, for which further workup is indicated (SOR: C, based on expert opinion). In those cases in which ultrasound and clinical exam are inconclusive or confl- icting, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) can provide additional information to improve management and decrease unnecessary surgery (SOR: B, based on cohort trials of patient-oriented outcomes).
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