A Mass-Flow-Calorimetry System for Scaled-up Experiments on Anomalous Heat Evolution at Elevated Temperatures
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We have been studying phenomena of anomalous heat evolution from hydrogen-isotope-loaded nanocomposite samples at elevated temperatures as well as at room temperature using a twin absorption system. Recent experiments have used Ni-based nano-composite samples; Pd1 Ni7/ZrO2 (“PNZ”), Ni/ZrO2 (“NZ”), Cu0.081 Ni0.36/ZrO2 (“CNZ”) and Cu0.21Ni0.21/ZrO2 (“CNZII”). The results of measurements have been presented in the meetings of the 12th Japan CF-Research Society (JCF12), the 17th International Conference on Condensed Matter Nuclear Science (ICCF17) and the 13th Japan CFResearch Society (JCF13), and have been/will be published in ,  and , respectively. These will be summarized, and the time-dependent data will be re-analyzed in another paper by A. Takahashi in this Conference for speculating heat releasing mechanisms during the several-week-lasted phase of D(H)-loading into the nano-composite samples. As will be shown there, a lot of interesting, even astonishing, features are involved; burst-like heat release with anomalously high values of differential heat of sorption (η) reaching ca. 600 eV/atom-H, large values of integrated heat reaching ca. 800 eV/atom-Ni from the CNZ sample absorbing H, and abrupt desorption with absorbed energy of 50 - 80 eV/atom-Ni observed almost exclusively in the first 573-K run for each sample. To confirm the interesting phenomena, repeated measurements with improved signal-to-noise ratio are required. Since the easiest way for this is to increase the sample amount, we have fabricated a reaction chamber with a ten-times-larger volume than in-being one. Another important improvement is a mass flow calorimetry applied to the system using an oil coolant with a boiling point of 390 deg-C. Moreover, to make residual gas mass spectral analysis in A = 1 - 6 amu range, a QMA system is going to be installed in the line of the apparatus. In the presentation we will show the schematics of this new oil-cooling mass-flow calorimetry system for observing anomalous heat evolution in H(D)-gas charging to Ni-based nano-composite samples and for calibration runs using blank alumina sample.