From child abuse to prostitution: predictors and intermediaries of exchanging sex for money
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People who engage in prostitution behavior often have traumatic backgrounds (Greene, Ennett, & Ringwalt, 1999; Raj et al., 2006; Valera, Sawyer, & Shiraldi, 2001; Widom & Kuhns, 1996). Various studies have shown a significant relationship between child abuse and prostitution (Greene et al.; Raj et al.; Valera et al.; Widom & Kuhns; Wilson & Widom, 2008; 2010.), but there continue to be questions in regard to the specific elements that lead from child abuse and neglect to prostitution (Wilson & Widom). The current study used ecodevelopment theory as a template, along with Wilson and Widom's (2009; 2010) unifying developmental models, and structural equation modeling to understand possible mediators of child abuse and prostitution, including: initial sexual intercourse, running away, juvenile crime, and drug use, along with the additional preventative mediators of internal resilience/self-esteem and external resilience. Results showed two different developmental models that indicated mediation effects of these variables. External and internal resilience/self-esteem also had curvilinear relationships with high risk and prostitution in an exploratory path analysis. Strengths, limitations, and suggestions for further research are discussed.
Table of Contents
Introduction -- Literature review-- Method -- Results -- Discussion -- Appendix A. Illustrations -- Appendix B. Tables -- Appendix C. Response items