Medications for Insomnia Treatment in Children
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Melatonin may be effective for treating insomnia in healthy children and in those with physical or learning disabilities (Strength of Recommendation [SOR]: B). Short-term use of melatonin is safe in children, but there is insufficient evidence to evaluate its long-term effects and optimal dosage (SOR: B). Diphenhydramine (Benadryl) is no more effective than placebo (SOR: B). The safety and effectiveness of benzodiazepines and newer hypnotic agents in children with insomnia have not been studied.
American Family Physician, 77(3) 2008: 358+.