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dc.contributor.authorBlack, Lance M.eng
dc.contributor.authorPersons, Robert K.eng
dc.contributor.authorJamieson, Barbaraeng
dc.date.issued2009-03eng
dc.description.abstractNo single best therapy for phantom limb pain (PLP) exists. Treatment requires a co- ordinated application of conservative, pharmacologic, and adjuvant therapies. Evaluative management (including prosthesis adjustment, treatment of referred pain, and residual limb care) should be tried initially (strength of recommendation [SOR]: C, expert opinion). Other first-line treatments such as transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) (SOR: A, multiple high-quality randomized, control trials [RCTs]), and biofeedback (SOR: B, numerous case studies) can reduce PLP. Pharmaco- therapy, including opioids, anticonvulsants (gabapentin), and nonsteroidal anti- inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), can also relieve pain (SOR: B, initial RCTs and inconsistent findings).eng
dc.identifier.citationJournal of Family Practice, 58(3) 2009: 155+.eng
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10355/3901eng
dc.languageEnglisheng
dc.publisherFamily Physicians Inquiries Networkeng
dc.relation.ispartofClinical Inquiries, 2009 (MU)eng
dc.relation.ispartofcommunityUniversity of Missouri-Columbia. School of Medicine. Department of Family and Community Medicine. Family Physicians Inquiries Networkeng
dc.rightsOpenAccess.eng
dc.rights.licenseThis work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 License.eng
dc.subjectreferred paineng
dc.subjectadjuvant therapieseng
dc.subjectpsychotherapyeng
dc.subject.lcshPhantom limb -- Treatmenteng
dc.subject.lcshAmputees -- Psychologyeng
dc.subject.lcshProsthesis -- Complications -- Treatmenteng
dc.subject.lcshPhantom limb -- Alternative treatmenteng
dc.titleWhat is the best way to manage phantom limb pain?eng
dc.typeArticleeng


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