When should you consider implanted nerve stimulators for lower back pain?
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Patients can gain more pain relief from spinal cord stimulation (SCS) than from reoperation (strength of recommendation [SOR]: A, 2 randomized controlled trials [RCTs]). SCS can also treat chronic low back pain effectively (SOR: B, cohort studies). It's indicated when conservative measures have failed (SOR: C, expert opinion). The side effects and failure rates of SCS are well documented and should be considered before recommending the therapy to patients (SOR: A, systematic review of RCTs and cohort studies).
Journal of Family Practice, 58(11) 2009: 605-606.