Does Screening for Tuberculosis in Children Decrease Morbidity or Mortality?
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Routine screening of low-risk children for tuberculosis infection before entering kindergarten is not necessary. [Strength of recommendation: C] Targeted screening of high-risk children for tuberculosis infection using the intradermal Mantoux test is recommended, but targeted screening has not been shown to reduce morbidity or mortality. [Strength of recommendation: C]
American Family Physician 69(6) 2004.