Providing for the needs of victims of human trafficking under the TVPA of 2000 : the experiences of service providers in Missouri and Kansas
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[ACCESS RESTRICTED TO THE UNIVERSITY OF MISSOURI AT AUTHOR'S REQUEST.] Human Trafficking (HT) is the illegal trade of human beings for the purposes of reproductive slavery, commercial sexual exploitation, forced labor, and is a modern-day form of slavery. The U.S. is a major destination country for the victims of HT. Few studies exist related to services to victims of HT at the national level or in Missouri and Kansas. The study was conducted to query service providers regarding the perceived needs of victims of HT, the services available, and the barriers and challenges to providing services. The "Conceptual Model of Service Providers" (an adaptation of the Gateway Provider Model) was also tested by the study. The descriptive results showed that respondents provided different services to trafficking victims including food, clothing, shelter, information and referrals, language and translation service, and transportation. The multivariate results showed that barriers and challenges to services and service providers' perceptions of need affect number of services provided. The path analysis results showed that service providers' knowledge of community resources play a "mediating" role between barriers and challenges to services and number of services provided which is central to the Gateway Provider Model proposed by Stiffman and colleagues.
Access is limited to the campuses of the University of Missouri.