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dc.contributor.advisorGuess, Trent M.eng
dc.contributor.authorRahman, MD Munsureng
dc.date.issued2014-03-25eng
dc.date.submitted2013 Falleng
dc.descriptionTitle from PDF of title page, viewed on March 25, 2014eng
dc.descriptionThesis advisor: Trent M. Guesseng
dc.descriptionVitaeng
dc.descriptionIncludes bibliographical references (pages 71-78)eng
dc.descriptionThesis (M. S.)--School of Computing and Engineering. University of Missouri--Kansas City, 2013eng
dc.description.abstractComputational multibody models of the elbow joint can provide a powerful tool to study joint biomechanics, examine muscle and ligament function, soft tissue loading, and the effects of joint trauma. Such models can reduce the cost of expensive experimental testing and can predict some parameters that are difficult to investigate experimentally, such as forces within ligaments and contact forces between cartilage covered bones. These parameters can assist surgeons and other investigators to develop better treatments for elbow injuries and thereby increase patient care. Biomechanical computational models of the elbow exist in the literature, but these models are typically limited in their applicability by artificially constraining the joint (e.g. modeling the elbow as a hinge joint), prescribing specific kinematics, simplifying ligament characteristics or ignoring cartilage geometries. The purpose of this thesis was to develop anatomically correct subject specific computational multibody models of elbow joints and validate these models against experimental data. In these models, the joints were constrained by three-dimensional deformable contacts between articulating geometries, passive muscle loading, and multiple bundles of non-linear ligaments wrapped around the bones. In this approach, three-dimensional bone geometries for the model were constructed from volume images generated by computed tomography (CT) scans obtained from cadaver elbows. The ligaments and triceps tendon were modeled as spring-damper elements with non-linear stiffness. Articular cartilage was represented as uniform thickness solids covering the articulating bone surfaces. Finally, the model was validated by placing the cadaver elbows in a mechanical testing apparatus and comparing predicted kinematics and triceps tendon forces to experimentally measured values. A small improvement in predicted kinematics was observed compared to experimental values when the lateral ulnar collateral and annular ligament were wrapped around the bone. Some reductions of RMS error were also observed when a non-linear toe region was modeled in the ligament compared to models that had only a linear force-displacement relationship. None of these changes were statistically significant (ANOVA p-value was greater than 0.05)eng
dc.description.tableofcontentsAbstract -- List of illustrations -- List of tables -- Acknowledgments -- Introduction -- Background -- Methods and materials -- Results -- Discussion -- Appendix -- Referenceseng
dc.format.extentxii, 79 pageseng
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10355/41481eng
dc.subject.lcshMechanical engineeringeng
dc.subject.lcshBiomechanicseng
dc.subject.otherThesis -- University of Missouri--Kansas City -- Mechanical Engineeringeng
dc.titleDevelopment and validation of a computational multibody model of the elbow jointeng
dc.typeThesiseng
thesis.degree.disciplineMechanical Engineering (UMKC)eng
thesis.degree.grantorUniversity of Missouri--Kansas Cityeng
thesis.degree.levelMasterseng
thesis.degree.nameM. S.eng


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