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dc.contributor.advisorBenfer, Robert Alfredeng
dc.contributor.authorRhode, Matthew P., 1975-eng
dc.coverage.spatialAndes Regioneng
dc.date.issued2006eng
dc.date.submitted2006 Falleng
dc.descriptionThe entire dissertation/thesis text is included in the research.pdf file; the official abstract appears in the short.pdf file (which also appears in the research.pdf); a non-technical general description, or public abstract, appears in the public.pdf file.eng
dc.descriptionTitle from title screen of research.pdf file (viewed on August 7, 2007)eng
dc.descriptionVita.eng
dc.descriptionIncludes bibliographical references.eng
dc.descriptionThesis (Ph. D.) University of Missouri-Columbia 2006.eng
dc.descriptionDissertations, Academic -- University of Missouri--Columbia -- Anthropology.eng
dc.description.abstractThis research tested the hypothesis that it is possible to differentiate fishers from farmers using muscle marker patterns. Muscle markers are imprints (tuberosities, grooves, and/or bony projections) left on the skeleton by the performance of habitual and/or strenuous activities. It is assumed that populations engaged in different forms of subsistence will express characteristic muscle marker patterns. This hypothesis was tested by analyzing a series of 60 variables collected from 145 (70 male and 75 female) individuals representing known South American fishers and farmers. Results show 23 male and 21 female variables reducible to 6 male and 7 female factors capable of discriminating 7̃6% of fishers from farmers. These signatures can be interpreted as reflecting differences in upper and lower body muscular development. Fishers possess greater upper body (bilateral) development, while farmers exhibit greater lower body development. These results are encouraging and suggest that the analysis of muscle markers has the potential to contribute to our understanding of prehistoric lifeways as an interpretive tool capable of supporting, modifying, or refuting interpretations attained using other approaches.eng
dc.identifier.merlinb59277993eng
dc.identifier.oclc163566879eng
dc.identifier.urihttps://hdl.handle.net/10355/4374
dc.identifier.urihttps://doi.org/10.32469/10355/4374eng
dc.languageEnglisheng
dc.publisherUniversity of Missouri--Columbiaeng
dc.relation.ispartofcommunityUniversity of Missouri--Columbia. Graduate School. Theses and Dissertationseng
dc.rights.licenseThis work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 License. Copyright held by author.
dc.subject.lcshFishers -- Andes Regioneng
dc.subject.lcshFarmers -- Andes Regioneng
dc.titleHabitual subsistence practices among prehistoric Andean populations: fishers and farmerseng
dc.typeThesiseng
thesis.degree.disciplineAnthropology (MU)eng
thesis.degree.grantorUniversity of Missouri--Columbiaeng
thesis.degree.levelDoctoraleng
thesis.degree.namePh. D.eng


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