What screening tools effectively identify drug use?
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What screening tools effectively identify drug use? Evidence-based answer: No trials directly compare screening instruments against each other. However, 4 brief, standardized questionnaires (ASSIST, CAGE-AID, CRAFFT, and SQS), validated in primary care settings to assess drug use, have an average sensitivity of 85% and specificity of 80%. The CRAAFT questionnaire is used for assessing drug use, in adolescents and young adults. The SQS uses 1 question to identify adults with a current drug use disorder (SOR: B, systematic reviews of crosssectional studies).
Evidence Based Practice 17(9): 2, 4