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dc.contributor.advisorRobertson, John David, 1960-eng
dc.contributor.authorPopelka-Filcoff, Rachel S., 1977-eng
dc.date.issued2006eng
dc.date.submitted2006 Falleng
dc.descriptionThe entire dissertation/thesis text is included in the research.pdf file; the official abstract appears in the short.pdf file (which also appears in the research.pdf); a non-technical general description, or public abstract, appears in the public.pdf file.eng
dc.descriptionTitle from title screen of research.pdf file (viewed on August 7, 2007)eng
dc.descriptionVita.eng
dc.descriptionIncludes bibliographical references.eng
dc.descriptionThesis (Ph. D.) University of Missouri-Columbia 2006.eng
dc.descriptionDissertations, Academic -- University of Missouri--Columbia -- Chemistry.eng
dc.description.abstractThree areas are covered in this dissertation: elemental analysis of Caborn-Welborn ceramics, elemental analysis and geochemical characterization of ochres, and construction and implementation of a portable XRF instrument for artifact analysis.The first study is analysis of ceramics from Caborn-Welborn (Ohio Valley) archaeological sites, using both instrumental neutron activation analysis (INAA) and particle-induced X-ray emission (PIXE). By using principal components analysis and posterior discriminant analysis, it was possible to compositionally distinguish lower Ohio Valley ceramics in both extra-regional and local analyses. The second study analyzes iron oxides (ochre) from several sources using instrumental trace analysis techniques, including INAA, and X-ray fluorescence spectrometry (XRF). Multivariate statistics of the data point to trends in the inter- and intra-source variability of ochre. Elemental results from Missouri, California, Oregon, Texas, Arizona, and Peru have been investigated. These trends in geochemistry lead to a better understanding of ancient ochre procurement. The third study covers the set-up, design and system geometry calculations, testing, and calibration of a portable XRF system. The system was transported to and used successfully in southern Peru in August 2005 to characterize obsidian artifacts.eng
dc.identifier.merlin.b5927735xeng
dc.identifier.oclc163231409eng
dc.identifier.otherPopelka-FilcoffR-102306-D5963eng
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10355/4495eng
dc.languageEnglisheng
dc.publisherUniversity of Missouri--Columbiaeng
dc.relation.ispartofcollectionUniversity of Missouri--Columbia. Graduate School. Theses and Dissertationseng
dc.subject.lcshArchaeometryeng
dc.subject.lcshGeochemistryeng
dc.subject.lcshCeramics -- Analysiseng
dc.subject.lcshOcher -- Analysiseng
dc.subject.lcshObsidian -- Analysiseng
dc.titleApplications of elemental analysis for archaeometric studies: analytical and statistical methods for understanding geochemical trends in ceramics, ochre and obsidianeng
dc.typeThesiseng
thesis.degree.disciplineChemistry (MU)eng
thesis.degree.grantorUniversity of Missouri--Columbiaeng
thesis.degree.levelDoctoraleng
thesis.degree.namePh. D.eng


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