Applications of elemental analysis for archaeometric studies: analytical and statistical methods for understanding geochemical trends in ceramics, ochre and obsidian

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Applications of elemental analysis for archaeometric studies: analytical and statistical methods for understanding geochemical trends in ceramics, ochre and obsidian

Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10355/4495

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dc.contributor.advisor Robertson, John David, 1960- en
dc.contributor.author Popelka-Filcoff, Rachel S., 1977- en_US
dc.date.accessioned 2010-01-12T17:08:32Z
dc.date.available 2010-01-12T17:08:32Z
dc.date.issued 2006 en_US
dc.date.submitted 2006 Fall en
dc.identifier.other Popelka-FilcoffR-102306-D5963 en_US
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10355/4495
dc.description The entire dissertation/thesis text is included in the research.pdf file; the official abstract appears in the short.pdf file (which also appears in the research.pdf); a non-technical general description, or public abstract, appears in the public.pdf file. en_US
dc.description Title from title screen of research.pdf file (viewed on August 7, 2007) en_US
dc.description Vita. en_US
dc.description Includes bibliographical references. en_US
dc.description Thesis (Ph. D.) University of Missouri-Columbia 2006. en_US
dc.description Dissertations, Academic -- University of Missouri--Columbia -- Chemistry. en_US
dc.description.abstract Three areas are covered in this dissertation: elemental analysis of Caborn-Welborn ceramics, elemental analysis and geochemical characterization of ochres, and construction and implementation of a portable XRF instrument for artifact analysis.The first study is analysis of ceramics from Caborn-Welborn (Ohio Valley) archaeological sites, using both instrumental neutron activation analysis (INAA) and particle-induced X-ray emission (PIXE). By using principal components analysis and posterior discriminant analysis, it was possible to compositionally distinguish lower Ohio Valley ceramics in both extra-regional and local analyses. The second study analyzes iron oxides (ochre) from several sources using instrumental trace analysis techniques, including INAA, and X-ray fluorescence spectrometry (XRF). Multivariate statistics of the data point to trends in the inter- and intra-source variability of ochre. Elemental results from Missouri, California, Oregon, Texas, Arizona, and Peru have been investigated. These trends in geochemistry lead to a better understanding of ancient ochre procurement. The third study covers the set-up, design and system geometry calculations, testing, and calibration of a portable XRF system. The system was transported to and used successfully in southern Peru in August 2005 to characterize obsidian artifacts. en_US
dc.language.iso en_US en_US
dc.publisher University of Missouri--Columbia en_US
dc.relation.ispartof 2006 Freely available dissertations (MU) en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Archaeometry en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Geochemistry en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Ceramics -- Analysis en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Ocher -- Analysis en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Obsidian -- Analysis en_US
dc.title Applications of elemental analysis for archaeometric studies: analytical and statistical methods for understanding geochemical trends in ceramics, ochre and obsidian en_US
dc.type Thesis en_US
thesis.degree.discipline Chemistry en_US
thesis.degree.grantor University of Missouri--Columbia en_US
thesis.degree.name Ph. D. en_US
thesis.degree.level Doctoral en_US
dc.identifier.merlin .b5927735x en_US
dc.identifier.oclc 163231409 en_US
dc.relation.ispartofcommunity University of Missouri-Columbia. Graduate School. Theses and Dissertations. Dissertations. 2006 Dissertations


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