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dc.contributor.advisorBrown, Chrisanthia, 1957-eng
dc.contributor.authorLentz, Taryn Acostaeng
dc.date.issued2014eng
dc.date.submitted2014 Falleng
dc.descriptionTitle from PDF of title page, viewed on June 4, 2015eng
dc.descriptionDissertation advisor: Chris Browneng
dc.descriptionVitaeng
dc.descriptionIncludes bibliographic references (pages 92-102)eng
dc.descriptionThesis (Ph.D.)--School of Education. University of Missouri--Kansas City, 2014eng
dc.description.abstractInadequate nutrition, physical inactivity, and poor sleep quality have become increasingly common in college student populations, placing students at greater risk of being overweight or obese in adulthood. Researchers have adopted the construct of mindfulness to better understand and potentially modify health behavior. The purpose of the present investigation was to examine the relationships between mindfulness and health behaviors (i.e., nutrition and exercise) in undergraduate college students. Sleep quality was tested as a moderator of these relationships. The current study also explored the unique influence of each of the five facets of mindfulness (i.e., observing, describing, acting with awareness, nonreactivity to inner experience, and nonjudging of inner experience) on college students’ nutrition and exercise behavior. The sample consisted of 357 undergraduates from colleges throughout the United States who completed online surveys. Hierarchical multiple regression analyses demonstrated that sleep quality moderated the relationship between mindfulness and nutrition behavior with an enhancing effect. However, moderating effects for the mindfulness-exercise behavior relationship did not hold. Hierarchical multiple regression analyses also revealed the Observe facet of mindfulness to be most predictive of nutrition behavior, whereas the Observe and Describe facets were most predictive of exercise behavior. The present findings highlight that enhancing mindfulness and improving sleep hygiene may be particularly beneficial in elevating health-promoting behavior in undergraduate college students. Limitations, future directions, and implications are discussed.eng
dc.description.tableofcontentsIntroduction -- Review of the literature -- Methodology -- Results -- Discussion -- Appendix A. Five facet mindfulness questionnaire -- Appendix B. Health promotion lifestyle profile-II - Nutrition -- Appendix C. Health promotion lifestyle profile-II - physical activity -- Appendix D. Sleep quality index -- Appendix E. Perceived stress scale -- Appendix F. Demographic questionnaire -- Appendix G. IRB approval -- Appendix H. Solicitation email for participants -- Appendix I. Solicitation email for participants -- Appendix J. Cover letter accompanying online survey -- Appendix K. Online incentive formeng
dc.format.extentxi, 103 pageseng
dc.identifier.urihttps://hdl.handle.net/10355/45580eng
dc.subject.lcshMindfulness-based cognitive therapyeng
dc.subject.lcshCollege students -- Health and hygieneeng
dc.subject.lcshCollege students -- Nutritioneng
dc.subject.lcshCollege students -- Sleepeng
dc.subject.otherDissertation -- University of Missouri--Kansas City -- Counseling psychologyeng
dc.titleMindfulness and Nutrition and Exercise Behaviors in College Students: The Moderating Role of Sleep Qualityeng
dc.typeThesiseng
thesis.degree.disciplineCounseling Psychology (UMKC)eng
thesis.degree.grantorUniversity of Missouri--Kansas Cityeng
thesis.degree.levelDoctoraleng
thesis.degree.namePh.D.eng


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