The application of phytolith and starch grain analysis to understanding formative period subsistence, ritual, and trade on the Taraco Pennisula, Highland Bolivia

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The application of phytolith and starch grain analysis to understanding formative period subsistence, ritual, and trade on the Taraco Pennisula, Highland Bolivia

Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10355/4596

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dc.contributor.advisor Pearsall, Deborah M. en
dc.contributor.advisor Pearsall, Deborah M. en
dc.coverage.spatial Bolivia -- Tiwanaku Site
dc.date.accessioned 2010-01-12T17:48:46Z
dc.date.available 2010-01-12T17:48:46Z
dc.date.issued 2006 en_US
dc.date.submitted 2006 Summer en
dc.identifier.other .b66822324 en_US
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10355/4596
dc.description The entire dissertation/thesis text is included in the research.pdf file; the official abstract appears in the short.pdf file (which also appears in the research.pdf); a non-technical general description, or public abstract, appears in the public.pdf file. en_US
dc.description Title from title screen of research.pdf file (viewed on April 21, 2009) en_US
dc.description Includes bibliographical references. en_US
dc.description Thesis (M.A.) University of Missouri-Columbia 2006. en_US
dc.description Dissertations, Academic -- University of Missouri--Columbia -- Anthropology. en_US
dc.description.abstract This thesis employs microfossil data to add to our understanding of three factors (agricultural intensification, ritual, and trade) viewed as critical in the development of the Tiwanaku state during the preceding Formative period (1500 BC-AD 400). Comparative plant, and archaeological soil and artifact residue samples were analyzed in order to address the role of local subsistence plants, hallucinogenic and exotic species, and maize at four sites (Chiripa, Kala Uyni, Sonaje, and Kumi Kipa) located on the Taraco Peninsula in the Lake Titicaca basin (Bolivia). Evidence for local subsistence crops and hallucinogenic plants was constrained by a lack of available diagnostic phytoliths, but exotic plant indicators were uncovered in archaeological samples. Current phytolith methods for identifying maize were tested against the local flora, and a new method for maize identification was developed. Maize was discovered in artifact residues and soil samples, providing the earliest evidence for this crop in this region. en_US
dc.language.iso en_US en_US
dc.publisher University of Missouri--Columbia en_US
dc.relation.ispartof 2006 Freely available theses (MU) en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Agricultural intensification en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Hallucinogenic plants en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Corn en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Phytoliths en_US
dc.title The application of phytolith and starch grain analysis to understanding formative period subsistence, ritual, and trade on the Taraco Pennisula, Highland Bolivia en_US
dc.type Thesis en_US
thesis.degree.discipline Anthropology en_US
thesis.degree.grantor University of Missouri--Columbia en_US
thesis.degree.name M.A. en_US
thesis.degree.level Masters en_US
dc.type.genre Electronic books en_US
dc.type.genre Electronic dissertations en_US
dc.type.genre Freely available online resources en_US
dc.relation.ispartofcommunity University of Missouri-Columbia. Graduate School. Theses and Dissertations. Theses. 2006 Theses


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