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dc.contributor.advisorPearsall, Deborah M.eng
dc.contributor.advisorPearsall, Deborah M.eng
dc.coverage.spatialBolivia -- Tiwanaku Siteeng
dc.date.issued2006eng
dc.date.submitted2006 Summereng
dc.descriptionThe entire dissertation/thesis text is included in the research.pdf file; the official abstract appears in the short.pdf file (which also appears in the research.pdf); a non-technical general description, or public abstract, appears in the public.pdf file.eng
dc.descriptionTitle from title screen of research.pdf file (viewed on April 21, 2009)eng
dc.descriptionIncludes bibliographical references.eng
dc.descriptionThesis (M.A.) University of Missouri-Columbia 2006.eng
dc.descriptionDissertations, Academic -- University of Missouri--Columbia -- Anthropology.eng
dc.description.abstractThis thesis employs microfossil data to add to our understanding of three factors (agricultural intensification, ritual, and trade) viewed as critical in the development of the Tiwanaku state during the preceding Formative period (1500 BC-AD 400). Comparative plant, and archaeological soil and artifact residue samples were analyzed in order to address the role of local subsistence plants, hallucinogenic and exotic species, and maize at four sites (Chiripa, Kala Uyni, Sonaje, and Kumi Kipa) located on the Taraco Peninsula in the Lake Titicaca basin (Bolivia). Evidence for local subsistence crops and hallucinogenic plants was constrained by a lack of available diagnostic phytoliths, but exotic plant indicators were uncovered in archaeological samples. Current phytolith methods for identifying maize were tested against the local flora, and a new method for maize identification was developed. Maize was discovered in artifact residues and soil samples, providing the earliest evidence for this crop in this region.eng
dc.identifier.other.b66822324eng
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10355/4596eng
dc.publisherUniversity of Missouri--Columbiaeng
dc.relation.ispartof2006 Freely available theses (MU)eng
dc.relation.ispartofcommunityUniversity of Missouri-Columbia. Graduate School. Theses and Dissertations. Theses. 2006 Theseseng
dc.subject.lcshAgricultural intensificationeng
dc.subject.lcshHallucinogenic plantseng
dc.subject.lcshCorneng
dc.subject.lcshPhytolithseng
dc.titleThe application of phytolith and starch grain analysis to understanding formative period subsistence, ritual, and trade on the Taraco Pennisula, Highland Boliviaeng
dc.typeThesiseng
thesis.degree.disciplineAnthropology (MU)eng
thesis.degree.grantorUniversity of Missouri--Columbiaeng
thesis.degree.levelMasterseng
thesis.degree.nameM.A.eng


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