Impact of zymannase on growth performance, carcass characteristics, fat quality and processed meats in finishing barrow fed 30% dried distiller's grains with solubles
Metadata[+] Show full item record
[ACCESS RESTRICTED TO THE UNIVERSITY OF MISSOURI AT AUTHOR'S REQUEST.] As ethanol production continues to increase, so does the use of dried distiller's grains with solubles (DDGS) in swine diets. The effects of high concentrations of DDGS on growing/finishing pigs has caused problems with growth performance, carcass characteristics, fat quality, and processed meats. This is due to the high fiber content and elevated levels of unsaturated fats in of the diet. Since DDGS fiber is a complex carbohydrate pig cannot digest, the use of carbohydrases to improve growth performance is reasonable. Carbohydrase enzymes may be able to help improve fat quality, however the effect of carbohydrase enzymes on fat quality has not been thoroughly researched and the effect on processed pork products has not been examined. Therefore, the objective of these experiments was to evaluate the effects of two carbohydrase enzymes on growth performance, carcass traits and quality, fat quality, and two types of processed pork products (fresh bratwurst and ring bologna) from pigs fed a diet containing 30% DDGS. Pigs were fed a one of two corn/soybean meal/DDGS diets, the only difference being the enzyme group received a combination of two carboghydrase enzymes at the expense of corn. While the pigws were alive growth performance was documented. After the pigs were humanely slaughtered, carcass traits and quality where documented. There was no effect of enzymes on any growth performance or carcass values recorded except for a slight change in the color of the loin. There was no effect of diet on the fat quality. There was a minimal effect on the ring bologna. The biggest influence of enzyme was on the bratwurst. Enzymes had a negative effect on bratwurst quality over time on some qualities. However, other qualities of the bratwursts were positively affected. These results suggest carbohydrase enzymes in a diet containing 30% DDGS does not significantly affect growth performance or carcass characteristics of growing/finishing barrows. However, they do indicate that more research is needed to better understand the effect of carbohydrase enzymes on fat quality and more importantly, processed pork quality.
Access is limited to the campuses of the University of Missouri.