Double MRT thermal lattice Boltzmann method for simulating natural convection of low Prandtl number fluids
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Purpose: The purposes of this paper are testing an efficiency algorithm based on LBM and using it to analyze two-dimensional natural convection with low Prandtl number. Design/methodology/approach: Steady state or oscillatory results are obtained using double multiple-relaxation-time thermal lattice Boltzmann method. The velocity and temperature fields are solved using D2Q9 and D2Q5 models, respectively. Findings: With different Rayleigh number, the tested natural convection can either achieve to steady state or oscillatory. With fixed Rayleigh number, lower Prandtl number leads to a weaker convection effect, longer oscillation period and higher oscillation amplitude for the cases reaching oscillatory solutions. At fixed Prandtl number, higher Rayleigh number leads to a more notable convection effect and longer oscillation period. Originality/value: Double multiple-relaxation-time thermal lattice Boltzmann method is applied to simulate the low Prandtl number (0.001 – 0.01) fluid natural convection. Rayleigh number and Prandtl number effects are also investigated when the natural convection results oscillate.