Gulshan Muraqqa’: An Imperial Discretion
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This thesis researches two folios (pages) from the Gulshan muraqqa’, an imperial album of the Mughal Empire. The two folios, The Poet and the Prince and A Buffalo Hunting a Lioness, are currently in the permanent collection of The Nelson-Atkins Museum of Art, Kansas City, Missouri. Visual descriptions, focusing on style and subject matter, bring to light suppositions regarding artist attributions and a strong sufi connection thus far relatively unexplored and unrealized in relation to these paintings. Technical analyses of the folios are presented and analyzed within context. This investigation demonstrates the amalgamated presence of Indian, Persian, and European influences in these two folios as representative of the Gulshan muraqqa’. Calligraphy panels of the folios and border decorations contribute additional understanding of the sufi underpinning.
Table of Contents
Introduction -- Visual description: the poet and the prince -- Visual description: a buffalo hunting and lioness -- Visual and technical analyses of the two folios -- Conclusion