Strategies for tailored messages : interaction of personal value orientation and freedom threat for chronic diseases management and behavior changes
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[ACCESS RESTRICTED TO THE UNIVERSITY OF MISSOURI AT REQUEST OF AUTHOR.] The purpose of the overall study was to explore more effective ways of creating tailored health messages for technology-based interventions in order to help self-management of chronic diseases. The overall study is twofold: Study 1 -- systematic review and Study 2 -- experimental study. Conducting Study 1 -- review study -- has shed light on the current status of research on technology-based interventions for managing chronic diseases. Specifically, the study considered methodological quality and features of interventions as indices in order to improve the effectiveness of the technology-based interventions for chronic diseases. Accordingly, given personal value orientation and freedom threat, Study 2 investigated these as potential elements to be included in tailored health messages and leading to more or less persuasive effects for self-management. It examined whether invoking an individual’s personal value orientation between two extreme value orientations--self-enhancement and self-transcendence--and threatening an individual’s freedom in health news messages on diabetes can cause psychological reactance and affect compliance with suggested health behaviors. The details of each study will be explained.
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