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dc.contributor.advisorCowan, Nelsoneng
dc.contributor.advisorNaveh-Benjamin, Mosheeng
dc.contributor.authorGilchrist, Amanda L.eng
dc.date.issued2007eng
dc.date.submitted2007 Falleng
dc.descriptionThe entire dissertation/thesis text is included in the research.pdf file; the official abstract appears in the short.pdf file (which also appears in the research.pdf); a non-technical general description, or public abstract, appears in the public.pdf file.eng
dc.descriptionTitle from title screen of research.pdf file (viewed on March 26, 2008)eng
dc.descriptionIncludes bibliographical references.eng
dc.descriptionThesis (M.A.) University of Missouri-Columbia 2007.eng
dc.descriptionDissertations, Academic -- University of Missouri--Columbia -- Psychology.eng
dc.description.abstractPrevious studies have found that older adults have poorer immediate recall for language. Older adults may recall fewer chunks from working memory, or may have difficulty binding words or sentences together to form multi-unit chunks. We examined these two hypotheses by presenting participants with 4 types of spoken sentences for immediate free recall, varied by the number and length of chunks per trial: 4 short, simple sentences; 8 such sentences; 4 compound sentences, meaningfully comprised of two short sentences; and 4 random sentences. On those trials where the number or length of presented chunks were large, older adults formed fewer chunks than young adults with few differences in chunk size. Our results suggest that both of the above hypotheses influenced recall for older adults, though the degree of involvement of each has yet to be determined.eng
dc.identifier.merlinb62994190eng
dc.identifier.oclc214085326eng
dc.identifier.urihttps://hdl.handle.net/10355/5075
dc.identifier.urihttps://doi.org/10.32469/10355/5075eng
dc.languageEnglisheng
dc.publisherUniversity of Missouri--Columbiaeng
dc.relation.ispartofcommunityUniversity of Missouri-Columbia. Graduate School. Theses and Dissertations. Theses. 2007 Theseseng
dc.subject.lcshMemory in old ageeng
dc.subject.lcshOlder people -- Psychologyeng
dc.titleDecreases in working memory capacity for sentence stimuli with adult agingeng
dc.typeThesiseng
thesis.degree.disciplinePsychological sciences (MU)eng
thesis.degree.grantorUniversity of Missouri--Columbiaeng
thesis.degree.levelMasterseng
thesis.degree.nameM.A.eng


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